Inequality and the Biosphere



Maike Hamann, Kevin Berry, Tomas Chaigneau, Tracie Curry, Robert Heilmayr, Patrik J.G. Henriksson, Jonas Hentati-Sundberg, Amir Jina, Emilie Lindkvist, Yolanda Lopez-Maldonado, Emmi Nieminen, Matías Piaggio, Jiangxiao Qiu, Juan C. Rocha, Caroline Schill, Alon Shepon, Andrew R. Tilman, Inge van den Bijgaart, and Tong Wu

What is inequality and why studying it?

“unequal distribution of privileges between people, resulting from prevailing institutions, norms, and beliefs”
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1754)

  • One of the pressing challenges of XXI century (SDG11)
  • 7 dimensions: economic, political, environmental, social, cultural, spatial, and knowledge-based
  • Typically focus on economic aspects and one way interactions
  • Inequity is normative: unfair or unjust distribution of priviledges

Description of the variance of the distribution of a resource

Changes in the biosphere can reinforce existing inequalities

  • Environmental shocks and extreme events:
    • Different exposure and vulnerability
  • Gradual environmental change:
    • Climate change
    • Shifting agriculture and marine productivity

Changes in inequality can affect the biosphere

  • Perceptions and sense of fairness
  • Aspirations
  • Cooperation and sustaining local commons
  • Market concentration

Gracias | Tack

Questions?


email: juan.rocha@su.se
twitter: @juanrocha
slides: juanrocha.se
paper: Hamann et al 2018. Annu.Rev.Environ.Resour.43:61–83


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